Here is the Life of Brian scene I referenced:
Caplan on King
Nick "The Jacket" Gillespie on systematic injustice:
The full text of the Nicomachean Ethics
A Treatise of Human Nature, by David Hume
The Critique of Pure Reason, by Immanuel Kant
David Wong on the Monkeysphere
And yes, I acknowledge that the philosophy in our discussion is a little on the sophomoric side, but Justice is a hard topic, even for the professionals (which we are not). Just imagine how challenging it is for the ordinary citizen. Imagine further how easy it would be for a sinister sovereign to exploit weaknesses in everyday approaches to justice. Tumpety-tump.
The 3 formulations of the categorical imperative:
- The first (Universal Law formulation): "Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law."
- The second (Humanity or End in Itself formulation): "Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end."
- The third (Kingdom of Ends formulation) combines the two: "All maxims as proceeding from our own [hypothetical] making of law ought to harmonise with a possible kingdom of ends."
Perhaps you can understand my confusion early on in the discussion.